Get a routine check-up of your child’s eyes during pre-school and school years, else he may develop lazy eyes or squint, if neglected.
If your child can’t see blackboard / T.V. Screen properly or you can’t see the newspaper text easily, consider use of spectacles. 30% population is already using glasses, don’t delay. Do not get your eyes tested from a Non Doctor.
When your daughter doesn’t want to use spects, option of using contact lens or laser vision correction may be exercised.
If you work on a computer; consult an eye specialist about your vision needs, posture, distance from screen etc. The following tips can help you reduce eyestrain.
i) Have your eyes checked by a doctor. The root cause of many cases of eyestrain is inaccurate eyeglass prescription, infection or physical irritation.
When working at your computer, increase the size of the font onscreen. Instead of working at 100 percent, increase to 150 or even 200 percent. Adjust the brightness and contrast of your monitor so text and graphics are clear and sharp. Usually, black text on a white background is the least stressful to read for extended periods, although some people prefer green on white. The most stressful is white or yellow text on a dark background.
Adjust lighting in the room to reduce glare and clearly illuminate your screen and other reading material. Ideally, the lighting in a room should be slightly dimmer than your computer monitor. To achieve comfortable lighting, you may need to draw the drapes, wear a visor or adjust the intensity of ceiling and other auxiliary lighting sources.
Avoid looking at a computer screen at an angle for extended periods. Position yourself a comfortable distance from the screen, and look down at an angle of about 20-30 degrees.
When working at your computer, relax your eyes every few minutes by closing them or looking away from your screen for 15-20 seconds. Every 15-20 minutes, close your eyes or look off at a distance for a minute or two.
Use a monitor that has a high refresh rate (60Hz should be minimum). This decreases the “flicker” of a screen and helps reduce eyestrain. LCD screens do not flicker and may help prevent eye fatigue.
When your eyes feel dry or irritated, try over-the-counter eye lubrications. If symptoms persist, consult a doctor.
When browsing the Internet, avoid looking for extended periods at sites that are designed with tiny, dim text. If you need to read the information, copy and paste the text into one of your own software programs so you can adjust the size and contrast. Or program your browser to adjust the background of websites to a lighter color.
Your doctor may be able to prescribe special glasses for you to wear while at your computer. These can reduce strain appreciably.
If you complain headache, eyestrain, irritation, double vision, pain eyes or dry eye etc take expert advice, use anti reflection glasses and keep a distance of two feet from screen.
Avoid cosmetics / make-up which can cause allergy.
Don’t wear such caps / hats which obscure vision. Pedestrians should walks on sidewalks and they should wear visible clothes, wear well fitting shoes and path be well illuminated.
When in vehicle low speed drive should be a pleasure.
Protect your eyes from ultraviolet rays present in sunlight. Use UV goggles and UV contact lens. Lack of protection from these rays can cause dazzling and pain in the eyes and also formation of early cataract and retinal damage in the long run. When working in sunlight for long, use wrap around frames of the goggles.
Common eye diseases are weak vision, cataract, glaucoma, conjunctivitis, dry eye, retinal problems and lid infections etc. Take care. The loss of vision past middle age is generally due to cataract (Chita Motia), but can be due to glaucoma (Kala Motia), don’t presume all loss of vision due to cataract, go for proper check-up of eyes.
If you are a diabetic / hypertensive, you must get a regular check up of retina for retinopathy.
Take precautions to keep pollutants; small smoke particles, dust, smoke, insects out of the eye by wearing protective glasses & never rub your eyes if a particle falls.
In sports you can’t hit a ball, if you can’t see it. So wear proper correction spects or contact lens during game. Contact lenses give the athletes a sharp edge.
Do not overwear contact lens and always wash your hands and lens before wearing the lens, blink frequently when wearing the lens and avoid cosmetics near the eye.
Avoid crackers / fireworks at home or street. Watch only the community – sponsored shows from a safe distance.
Children with poor vision suffer academically, socially and athletically. Don’t hesitate to wear spectacles / contact lenses if required.
Put eye drops / ointments properly and on prescription only. Wash hands before putting the medicine; apply 1 / 4 of inch length of an ointment and only a drop of liquid, when required.