Thirty percent of people over 65 and 50% of those over 80 fall each year. At one year follow up, 20% of frequent fallers are in hospital, in full time care or have died. Older adults are hospitalized for fall-related injuries five times more often than they are for injuries from other causes. Falls are the leading cause of injury deaths among people 65 and older; half occur in their own home. Falls include dropping from a standing position, or from exposed positions such as those on ladders . The severity of injury is generally related to the height of the fall. The state of the ground surface onto which the victim falls is also important, harder surfaces causing more severe injury. Thirty five percent of people over 65 who fall suffer moderate to severe injuries such as lacerations, fractures, and head traumas. The most common and serious are fractures of the spine, hip, forearm, leg, ankle, pelvis, upper arm, The fear of falling may cause them to limit their activities, which leads to reduced mobility and loss of physical fitness, and in turn increases their actual risk of falling.
What may cause falls in the elderly?
Falls can be prevented by ensuring to take care of all these factors. Some tips to prevent falls are:
To lower their hip fracture risk, older adults can: